Voluntary distributed computing projects divide large computational tasks into small pieces of data or work that are sent out over the Internet to be processed by individual users, who participate voluntarily in order to provide solutions that would ordinarily require investments of millions of dollars. This approach is contributing to the transformation of computationally heavy scientific research, opening up participation in science to interested lay people and greatly reducing the cost-barriers to computation for financially challenged researchers. Drawing on face-to-face and online ethnographic, survey and interview data with participants in distributed computing projects around the world, this book sheds light on the organizational and social structures of voluntary distributed computing projects, communities and teams, with close attention to questions of motivation in projects that offer little or no traditional forms of reward, either financially or in terms of participants' careers. With its focus on non-market, non-hierarchical cooperation, this book is a case study of networked individuals around the world who are part of a new social production of information. A rich study of the transformative potential inherent in globalization and connectedness, Community, Competition and Citizen Science will appeal to sociologists and political scientists with interests in globalization, networks and science and technology studies, together with scholars and students of media and communication and those working in relevant fields of computing, information systems and scientific collaboration.
This book deals with an exciting often overlooked area; the need to locate, maintain, manage, and share the knowledge of rural, Indigenous, and marginalized (RIM) communities globally. This knowledge globally is a valuable source for human prosperity and survival. Implicit within this is the need for respect and fair compensation to the communities that are the sources of this knowledge. Knowledge sharing is a two way street. Community Knowledge Management highlights an often-overlooked area: locating, maintaining, compensating for, and sharing the knowledge of rural, Indigenous, and marginalized (RIM) communities globally. This knowledge is valuable for all humans' prosperity, health, and survival and the planet's health. Respect for and fair compensation to the source communities is essential. Knowledge sharing includes the need for reciprocity for the process must be a two way street.
This book examines do-it-yourself (DIY) approaches to the collection, preservation, and display of popular music heritage being undertaken by volunteers in community archives, museums, and halls of fame globally. DIY institutions of popular music heritage are much more than "unofficial" versions of "official" institutions; rather, they invoke a complex network of affect and sociality, and are sites where interested people-often enthusiasts-are able to assemble around shared goals related to the preservation of and ownership over the material histories of popular music culture. Drawing on interviews and observations with founders, volunteers, and heritage workers in 24 DIY institutions in Australasia, Europe, and North America, the book highlights the potentialities of bottom-up, community-based interventions into the archiving and preservation of popular music's material history. It reveals the kinds of collections being housed in these archives, how they are managed and maintained, and explores their relationship to mainstream heritage institutions. The study also considers the cultural labor of volunteers in the DIY institution, arguing that whilst these are places concerned with heritage management and the preservation of artefacts, they are also extensions of musical communities in the present in which activities around popular music preservation have personal, cultural, community, and heritage benefits. By looking at volunteers' everyday interventions in the archiving and curating of popular music's material past, the book highlights how DIY institutions build upon national heritage strategies at the community level and have the capacity to contribute to the democratization of popular music heritage. This book will have a broad appeal to a range of scholars in the fields of popular music studies, musicology, ethnomusicology, archive studies and archival science, museum studies, cultural heritage studies, cultural studies, cultural sociology, and media studies.
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